A Beginner’s Guide to Early Surrealist Films

Sliced eyes and stuttering geometry? Sounds like surrealism to us.
Un Chien Andalou

Welcome to The Queue — your daily distraction of curated video content sourced from across the web. Today, we’re watching a video essay that looks at the first surrealist films.

To bastardize a quote from Mel Brooks: Tragedy is when I cut my finger. Comedy is when you fall in an open sewer and die … And Surrealism is when you fall down, and the concrete is made of ants, and there are some men nearby dragging pianos sandwiching dead cows.

Surrealism grew primarily out of Dada, an early 20th Century anti-war art movement that deliberately flew in the face of rationality and reason. While Dada’s purpose was a direct response to the horrors and folly of the First World War, Surrealism’s objective was less political. Surrealism was far more interested in the subconscious, with the nonsense of dreams and the absurdity that whirs away in the background of our fruitless attempts to make sense of the nonsensical.

Naturally, the fluttery Gestalt rhythms of cinema were fertile ground for the nascent movement. As the video essay below details in its whirlwind tour of early surrealist filmmaking, filmmakers were keen to defy cinematic expectations that had only just been established. From the abstract cubism of Rhythmus 21 (1921) to Man Ray’s ironically named Return to Reason (1923), here’s a brief introduction to how early surrealist filmmakers boldly experimented with the moving image to bring dreamy nonsense to the big screen.

Watch “The First Surrealist Films”:

Who made this?

This introduction to early surrealist filmmaking is by kubricklynch – Film History, a YouTube account that does precisely what it says on the tin: providing quick beginner’s guides to different cinematic movements. You can check out more of their work by subscribing to their account here.

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    Meg Shields: Meg has been writing professionally about all things film-related since 2016. She is a Senior Contributor at Film School Rejects as well as a Curator for One Perfect Shot. She has attended international film festivals such as TIFF, Hot Docs, and the Nitrate Picture Show as a member of the press. In her day job as an archivist and records manager, she regularly works with physical media and is committed to ensuring ongoing physical media accessibility in the digital age. You can find more of Meg's work at Cinema Scope, Dead Central, and Nonfics. She has also appeared on a number of film-related podcasts, including All the President's Minutes, Zodiac: Chronicle, Cannes I Kick It?, and Junk Filter. Her work has been shared on NPR's Pop Culture Happy Hour, Business Insider, and CherryPicks. Meg has a B.A. from the University of King's College and a Master of Information degree from the University of Toronto.