Real Stories is an ongoing column about the true stories behind movies and TV shows. It’s that simple. This installment focuses on the true story behind A Very British Scandal, a TV miniseries from the BBC and Amazon Prime.
One of the most well-known 20th-century scandals of the Scottish aristocracy is the subject of a new drama miniseries from the BBC. A Very British Scandal tells the story of Margaret and Ian Campbell, the Duchess and Duke of Argyll. Their highly-publicized divorce in 1963 featured adultery, forgery, theft, and horrific sexism, including one of the earliest examples of “revenge porn.”
Here is a look at the real story behind the series, which stars Claire Foy and Paul Bettany as the famous royals.
Meet the Duchess
Ethel Margaret Whigham was born into a wealthy family. The daughter of a Scottish millionaire, she spent her childhood in New York City. Then, as a teenager, in the 1920s, she returned to the United Kingdom and became, according to Vanity Fair, a “sensation to British society.” At the age of twenty, in 1933, she married Charles Sweeny, an American golfer, whom she divorced fourteen years later. At the time, The Guardian called their wedding the “media event of the decade.”
During the 1930s, Margaret, then Margaret Sweeny, became a popular, well-known socialite in high society. According to Vanity Fair, she was crowned “debutante of the year” in 1930. Her life was regularly covered in the press. And she even once earned a mention in the lyrics of a version of Cole Porter’s famous song, “You’re the Top”:
You’re the nimble tread of the feet of Fred Astaire, You’re Mussolini, You’re Mrs. Sweeny, You’re Camembert
“I thought I was a very plain girl,” she told the New York Times years later, “but I was always vain.”
Meet the Duke
Ian Campbell was anything but a plain man. He was born into the Scottish royal family. According to his New York Times obituary, his family history could be traced back to the 11th century, when his ancestors supposedly settled in Scotland. A member of his family was made a baron in 1445. Later, in 1701, the dukedom of Argyll was created.
Born in 1903, he received his early education in Massachusetts. He later served in World War II where he saw heavy action. In 1940, during a conflict in Normandy against the Germans, he was “captured fighting a rear‐guard action” and was held as a prisoner of war for five years.
“[Ian] spent the entire war pretty much in a prisoner of war camp, a death camp. He was a bad man before he went in,” Sarah Phelps, the show’s writer-creator, told Vanity Fair. “He was a fucking shocker when he came out.”
Indeed, according to The Guardian:
The Duke of Argyll was impoverished by gambling debts; he was also violent and was addicted to alcohol and amphetamines.
In 1951, the Duke and Margaret got divorces (she to Sweeney, he to his second wife, Louise Timpson) and were married. She had what he desperately needed: money. She paid the bills and even put forward the cash to renovate the duke’s castle. But when the money stopped rolling in, the dark side quickly emerged.
Money and promiscuity came to define the marriage of the Duke and Duchess. According to Vanity Fair, Margaret agreed to finance the restoration of their castle because she thought it would be an investment in their future. She believed, given conversations with her husband, that she would have a legal claim to the property. However, she soon learned that she, in fact, had no legal claim. The property would go to his sons from a previous marriage.
They also began to cheat on one another and grew extremely resentful. The two eventually began living separately. Ian supposedly began referring to Margaret as “satan.”
In 1959, according to the Daily Mail, the pair went on a journey to Australia “to visit Clan Campbell and raise money for his castle.” While on this trip, he went through her diary, which supposedly contained the names of her lovers.
Later, when Margaret was traveling, he went to her home and, with the help of a hired locksmith, broke into a cupboard to steal letters and her diaries. He also found a selection of Polaroids (more on that in a minute).
Ian wanted a divorce desperately. First, he tried having Margaret institutionalized, citing a fall she suffered in 1943. If he could prove she had brain damage, he could legally file for divorce. According to the Daily Mail, “a man could divorce his wife on the grounds of insanity.” He tried and failed to forge documents that would have committed Margaret.
He then took matters in a different direction. Ian filed for divorce, and in doing so began one of the most famous (and longest and most expensive) divorcee proceedings in British history.
A Divorce Hearing Becomes a Trial
The divorce proceeding was overseen by Lord John Wheatley (played in the series by Jonathan Aris). He was, according to the Daily Mail, “renowned for his harsh sentences.”
As the proceedings went on, Ian claimed that his wife had slept with 88 men while the two were married. He arrived at the number by citing the diaries and letters that he had stolen. The men, according to the New York Times, supposedly included “cabinet members, Hollywood actors and members of the royal family.”
In addition to the men he discovered in her diaries, he also produced during the proceedings evidence that was kept from public view: the aforementioned Polaroids. These pictures, according to the Times:
reportedly showed a naked man gratifying himself and pictured [Margaret], dressed in nothing but three strands of pearls, performing a sex act on a naked man in the mirrored gilt and silver bathroom of her Mayfair apartment.
“It was supposed to be a divorce hearing,” Phelps told Vanity Fair. “But it became a trial.”
The British press had a field day with the revelations. The polaroid supposedly only showed the man from the neck down. According to the Times, the center of British gossip became, “Who was the headless man?”
Lord Wheatley, in a 50,000-word report that supposedly took three hours to read, “pilloried her as a high-class harlot,” the Times reports. Wheatley wrote, via the Times:
”She is a highly sexed woman who has ceased to be satisfied with normal sexual activities and has started to indulge in disgusting sexual activities to gratify a debased sexual appetite that can only be satisfied by a number of men,” he said. He added, ”Her attitude to the sanctity of marriage was what moderns would call enlightened but which in plain language was wholly immoral.”
The disgusting sexism and sex-shaming were painfully obvious. As Phelps told Vanity Fair:
She was on trial for being a sexual woman.
The divorce was granted and finalized in 1963.
After the divorce, the photographs and revelations from the proceedings continued to haunt Margaret. She tried to seek legal recourse, but it did not work. Ian, the law said, was within his rights to produce such evidence.
The same year the divorce was finalized, Ian, privileged, both as a man and member of the aristocracy, remarried a wealthy woman named Mathilda. He died ten years later of a stroke, in 1973.
Margaret spent her final years in near poverty and was abandoned by many of the social circles she once dominated. She died in 1993 at the age of 80. In 1975, she wrote a memoir, Forget Not. The book, according to the Times, did not spend much time on the divorce. Instead, it featured many of her trademark observations on culture and society, the kinds of things that made her a favorite of the press to begin with.
When asked what it was like to be living alone, Margaret said:
I enjoy being free.
A Very British Scandal premiered in the United Kingdom on BBC in December 2021. It will be released in the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand via Amazon Prime on April 22, 2022.
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